worm farm

This is the third article in our  recently published Worm Farm Series.

Click the links below to check out the rest of the series:

Part One – The Benefits Of A Worm Farm
Part Two – Setting Up Your Worm Farm
Part Four – Feeding Your Worms
Part Five – Maintaining Your Worm Farm
Part Six – Harvesting Your Vermicast (And Worms)

So hopefully you now have a worm farm, and have it positioned in your garden somewhere that will allow you easy access, and make it simple to feed your worms.

Which means it’s time to move some tenants in to your new worm home.

Before you do, though, you need to make sure their new home is nicely furnished so they have the best chance of settling in, and deciding to stay.

Furnishing for worms is pretty simple and there’s only minimal interior design knowledge required ; )

Setting Up Your Worm’s New Home

Because you’re starting from scratch with your worm farm, you need to introduce a few elements to create the right environment for your worms.

The first thing you need to add to your worm farm is bedding, which is where the worms will hang out and breed, before processing their bedding with the rest of the worm farm.

Bedding for your worms can be made up of compost, potting mix, humus, rotted pea straw, soil, paper or a mix of any of these mediums.

You need to fill your farm about 1/3 full with the bedding material then dampen down your bedding material, but don’t soak it. You want it just moist enough to be attractive to a worm (they won’t like it dry and coarse), but not sludgy and compacted.

Adding Your Worms

To get your worm farm off to a good start it’s recommended to have at least 500 grams of worms, or about 2000 full grown worms. Although, obviously the more worms you start with, the quicker your farm will really get going.

Over time, you want your worm farm to increase to it’s full population of around 10’000 worms and in a healthy, productive worm farm, this will take about 9-12 months.

Don’t worry about your bin getting over run with worms. Worms will naturally regulate their number to meet the requirements of the amount of food you are processing.

What Kind Of Worms Do You Want?

There is a specific kind of worm that are preferred worm farm inhabitants.

You’re not looking for your standard garden variety worm here, you want composting worms, known as Tiger Worms or Red Worms.

worm farm

These types of worms thrive in compost conditions. They tend to dwell in the top surfaces of their environment, so naturally move towards the fresh new layers of food or compost provided for them.

They are prolific eaters and can process their own body weight in food every day.

Compost worms are reasonably easy to come by, but as I say, you won’t be picking them out of your garden. Do a search on Google for Tiger Worms, Red Worms or Compost Worms in your area, and you should be able to locate a supplier pretty easily.

A container of worms can range from $10-$20 depending on how many worms you are getting, and whether you are buying from a professional worm breeder, or just a home supplier with an excess of worms.

One thing to be careful of is to make sure the container actually has a good quantity of worms in it, and is not just filled with bedding. Make sure you are getting what you have paid for.

Tuck Your Worms In

Once you have your bedding, worms and a fresh supply of food in your worm farm, it’s a good idea to tuck everything in with a covering of old carpet, cardboard or sacking.

This keeps the worm farm moist, and dark, two conditions that worms LOVE! The darkness will encourage your worms to stay in the top surfaces of your worm farm, and allow them to do their thing, protected from the light.

Right, so it’s time to get your worm farm all set up, and then it’ll soon be time to start feeding your worms. In the next post we’ll cover which foods you should, and should not, fee your worms and how to maintain a healthy, productive worm farm. If you haven’t already, be sure to sign up below to get the next installment of the Worm Farm series directly in your inbox.

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Topics #compost #red worms #tiger worms #vermicast #worm farm #worm farming